General State Overview
State Regulatory Commission Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission
State Nodal Agency Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Limited
Installed Capacity (MW) 738.10 (as on 31/08/2014)
Potential Area Clusters (Tehsil) Phalodi (263MW), Kolayat (130.2MW), Pokaran (103MW), Bap (76.9MW)
Break down of Installed Capacity (MW) JNNSM State Solar Policy REC Captive/Open Access Feed-in Tariff Mechanism
492.5 25 179.6 40 1
Year-on-Year Capacity Addition (MW) 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
5 193.5 354.25 172.75 12.6


Policy Overview
Solar Policy Yes Renewable Energy Policy No
RE policy containing solar carve out No
Title of policy Rajasthan Solar Energy Policy 2014
Roof top Policy Detailed Guidelines & Procedure for Net Metering and Grid Connectivity of Grid connected Roof top and Small Solar PV Systems
Time span of the policy Not Defined
Target (MW) 25000MW capacity in next 10 years
Categories of applications covered in the solar policy Under MNRE Generation Based Incentive Scheme (NSM)
Under the orders of RERC (migration scheme – NSM)
Development of 50 MW SPV and 50 MW Solar Thermal Power Plants by selection of Solar Power Producers through tariff based competitive bidding process on concept of bundling of Solar Power with equivalent amount of MW capacity of conventional power
Under National Solar Mission (NSM)
For direct sale to Discoms/ PPA
Utility Grid Power Projects for Captive use /direct sale to 3rd Party/States other than Rajasthan through Open Access
Setting up of Rooftop PV and other Small Solar Power Plants connected to LT/11kV Grid
Utility Grid Power Projects for sale through RE (Solar) Certificate Mechanism
Setting up of Solar Power Plant for promotion of manufacturing facilities in the State


Regulatory Overview
2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 Remarks
SPO (%)
Wheeling and Banking Charges To be identified
Open Access Regulations To be identified
Connectivity related regulations To be identified
Feed-in-Tariff (INR/kWh) as defined by SERC Rs. 6.63/Kwh


Provisions in the state policy
Provision Yes/No
Single Window Clearance Yes
Wheeling and Transmission Provisions Yes
Open Access Provisions Yes
Electricity Duty Yes
Provisions for Net Metering No
Provisions for Solar Parks Yes
Land Acquistion Support Yes
Provision related to connectivity Yes
Tax related Provisions No
R&D related Provisions No


Site Selection


Step Sub-step DESCRIPTION Authority Reference
Details Activities undertaken Important factors to consider
Site Identification and Project Pre-Feasibility Site Identification The first step in project design and development is the site identification. This is undertaken by checking the availability of potential sites with the local Patwari. Suitability of a place includes factors such as suitable irradiation, access to site and availability of evacuation infrastructure. The availability status and category of land are checked with patwari. This step is undertaken in conjunction with other analysis such as solar radiation analysis, infrastructure analysis etc. In case the land is private its land categorization and willingness of the owner to sell the land must also be checked.
Solar irradiation data can be obtained from National Institute of Wind Energy to assist in better technical planning of the project. The list of SRRA stations along with the station id can be viewed here.
Data can be requested from NIWE by filling up the data requisition form located at this link.
1. Identify a suitable piece of land

2. Obtain consent from current owners

3. Check the categorization of the land with the Revenue Department

Legal scrutiny for identified site is a must.

This shall require legal due diligence for reviewing land records and deed (key papers) available for the site with the revenue department.

State Revenue Department (Patwari) Rajasthan Solar Policy 2014
Solar Insolation and Shadow Assessment It is recommended that for ascertaining accuracy of solar irradiation data, dedicated weather stations are erected at the site for local irradiation measurement and a minimum of 12 to 18 months of data is gathered for observation.
There are currently 14 solar radition resource assesment stations under the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE). They are located at Ratangam, Jaipur, Bodana, Amarsagar, Mathania, Jodhpur, Pokhran, Phalodi, Balotra, AJmer, Kota, Bagora, Abu Road, Tharad. Data from these stations can be purchased by filling up this form.
The following has to be checked :

#Global Horizontal Solar Radiation
#Diffused Horizontal Solar Radiation
#Direct Normal Solar Radiation
#Wind Speed/Direction
#Rain Accumulation
#Air Temperature
#Atmospheric Pressure (SLP) and
#Relative Humidity.

Technical advice is suggested for this level. NA To improve availability of accurate solar irradiation data, several initiatives were taken by the MNRE. Read more about them here.
Power Evacuation Feasibility & Site Accessibility The developer needs to ensure that sufficient power evacuation capacity exists in the transmission system where project is to be set up. The developer needs to undertake evacuation feasibility assessment starting from the nearest transmission sub-station and map the availability and capacity of the evacuation infrastructure. Solar  Developers may construct  Common Pooling Sub-station to evacuate their generated solar power to the RVPN/Discom substation through common transmission line with separate  metering system at their Common Pooling Sub-station and main metering system at RVPN/Discom Sub-station.
Click here to see the list of substations in the state.
The feasibility study identifies the:

#Nearest substation for power evacuation
#Evacuation capacity of the sub-station- to be checked with transmission utility
#Identification of the interconnection point.

# The interconnection to the Sub station level has to be done at a specific voltage level.

#A transmission study has to be carried out to ensure that the nearest sub-station or the sub -station under consideration has adequate evacuation capacity to support the solar power plant being set up.





Water Availability/ Construction Power Availability The project developer will intimate estimated water requirement to RREC along with source of water. After assessment/scrutiny, case of water requirement shall be forwarded to the Water Resources Department. The modification(s) required, if any in the existing canal system shall be done by water resources department at the cost of the developer. NA NA NA Primary


Land Blocking Project Registration Registration of the proposed project is required with the State Nodal Agency (SNA/RREC). In case of Rajasthan the state nodal agency is the RREC. In case when the project is to be set up under the bidding mechanism (both state & centre), then the registration of project is not necessary before bidding in order to block the land. The application form can be accessed here: It is mandatory for the project developer to register the project with the State Nodal Agency (SNA) i.e. RREC. A registration number is provided to the developer and a non-refundable registration fee  is charged.

# For Project <= 10 MW – Rs 50,000/MW + Service Tax

# For Project >10 MW; <=50 MW –  Rs. 5,00,000/ project + Service Tax

#For Project >50 MW; <= 100 MW – Rs. 10,00,000/ project + Service Tax

This is important from the developer’s perspective as only when the projects have been registered with RREC, can the agency provide any assistance to the developers with issues such as land identification, blocking, grid interconnection and other clearances from various other departments.

Following details are to be submitted along with

application for registration to RREC ;
##A certified copy of the Memorandum & Article of Association of the Company.
##Certified copy of the registration certificate.
##Certified copy of the partnership deed.
##Certified copy of the Authority conferring powers on the person(s) who are competent to execute the MOU/the agreement with GoR/RREC/RVPN/


##Copy of PAN

##Processing fee in the form of DD No…….dated…….payable to RREC, payable at Jaipur for Rs. ………… only/if RTGS, give RTGS details.
##Annual Audited accounts of the Company for last three years and for the current year un-audited, if available.
##Certificate from the Chartered Account showing the “Net Worth” of the Company.

RREC Rajasthan Solar Policy 2014
Land Blocking Once the identified land is available it is essential that the land be blocked for the project. Blocking of land allows developers the exclusive right to develop a project in case the project is allotted to the developer. This process is routed through RREC and the state revenue department.

Project participating in the RfP are proposed to be developed within Bhadla Solar Park, Jodhpur and allotment of land shall take place by the district collector following the provisions of Rajasthan Land Revenue (Allotment of Land for setting up of power plant based on Renewable Energy Sources) Rules, 2007 after submitting appropriate fee and development charges (Clause 5.2.1)

The land blocking can be done by developers in three possible ways:

1. Government Land for Solar Park Developer

2. Government Land for a solar power project.

3. Solar Project project on private land.

NA State Revenue Department Primary


In-Principle Approval for Grid Connection The developer sends a letter to RREC for obtaining an ‘In-Principle’ approval for grid interconnection. The letter is then forwarded by RREC with the allotted project registration number to the RVPN. Based on site details and power evacuation feasibility, RVPN provides an ‘In Principal’ approval as condition precedent consent. The developer needs to send all the details of land, maps and tentative interconnection arrangement designs/drawings. Seek provisional interconnection approval with RREC by submitting the following documents:
1) Site details
2) Single line drawings of the entire project
3) Grid feasibility studies
A power transmission agreement will be signed with RVPN on approval from the same.
NA RRECL Primary



Project Development

Step Sub-step DESCRIPTION Authority Reference
Details Activities undertaken Important factors to consider
Land/Site Aquisition Land Agreement The process of land acquisition involves identifying a piece of revenue land and obtaining a government lease for the same. After identification of land, submit an application with the project registration details (provided by the SNA/RREC) to the district collector.
District collector provides recommendation letter which shall be forwarded to the patwari via the additional district collector and the tehsildar.
Patwari examines records to ascertain the availability and applicability of the land and if found correct, the patrwari grants permission for land transfer.
Patwari then demarcates land in front of the developer and some villagers using the process called pathadgarhi. This is the physical demarcation of land using stones are de-markers.
Consent from the patwari is routed through the tehsildar, the additional district collector and the district collector to the state revenue department and revenue minister.
Revenue minister approves the recommendation for lease of land which is then executed in the form of a lease deed by the District Collector.For conversion of land use of already blocked government landFee of 50 paise/m2 is paid (In case of Rajasthan this is subsidized to the tune of 90% as the going rate is Rs 5/m2)
The Patwari provides consent to the land lease
Land is approved by district collector
Lease agreement is signed with GovernmentIf the land is forest land then that is taken on lease from the forest department with application routed through RREC. Private land is purchased from a private individual or corporation
Legal Expertise may be required for assessing the legal implication of commercial & operational terms in the Land Lease agreement & its appropriateness as per Indian Laws. District Collector; Local Village Body; State Revenue Department Rajasthan Land Revenue Act 1956
Rajasthan Land Conversion Rules
Rajasthan Forest Conservation Act 1980
Land Category Conversion The land end use classification would have to be changed to non-agricultural (industrial) in case of private land. A fee is paid to district administration for conversion of agriculture land to non-agriculture land.

After the land lease is made, Patwari visits the site for verification or Pattargarhi before registering the land. Mutation document is also made and finally the land is registered for industrial end use with the state revenue department.

Application for conversion of land category from agricultural to non agricultural requires submission of 4 application forms given as annexures in the Land rule document:
The fees to be submitted for conversion of land for industrial use is as follows:
Rs: 5/· per.sq, mts. or 5% amount of the purpose, DLC rate of agriculture land, whichever is higher.For conversion of land for industrial use, following authorities are to be approached:
(i) Sub Divisional Officer- where the total area does not exceed ·’1 hectare ·excluding tourism unit.
(ii) Coljector – where the total area does not exceed 10 hectares excluding tourism unit.
{ill) State Government – where the total area exceeds 10 hectares including tourism
unit of anv area.
#Complex procedure of conversion in case of revenue land, application needs to be routed through various state nodal agencies. Need to hire agents and liaison officer to facilitate and understand the process, though amendments have been made to relevant state laws but its effect on ground needs to be visible
# Lack of ownership data, land demarcation records, maps and various local claims over the land. Clarity on land classification is also a concern
District Collector; Local Village Body; State Revenue Department Rajasthan State Land Rules.
Transmission Agreement All the finalized drawings of the project site including the bay and inter-connection design shall have to be approved by RVPN. The designs can also be sent to RRECL which will help in getting the required approvals from RVPN.o The developer needs to send all the relevant designs as soon as they are prepared for approval. This is also a pre-requisite for getting into an agreement with RVPN for transmission of power generated from the plant.
Upon approval from RVPN, a transmission agreement shall be signed between the developer and RVPN.
Send the Single Line Drawings of the entire project to RVPN/RRECL, with a letter requesting transmission approval. RRECL/RVPN Primary Research
Clearances and Approvals Consent to Establish (CtE) Previously, CtE was required to be taken before starting the construction or civil work at site( from the state pollution control board). However, As per office order dated 26 May 2016, Department of Environment in Rajasthan state has exempted Solar PV power and wind Projects (that fall under the White Category) from obtaining consent to establish and consent to operate but shall have to intimate the state board prior to commissioning.


Intimate the state board (RSPCB) prior to commissioning. Look up the contacts here. NA RSPCB RPCB Guidelines
CEIG Drawing Clearances RREC will act as the single nodal agency for providing this clearance. The projects under JNNSM will be held in-principal cleared. All other projects will be cleared by State Level Screening Committee (SLSC). NA RRECL Rajasthan Solar Policy 2014



Step  Sub-step DESCRIPTION  Authority Reference
Details Activities undertaken  Important factors to consider
Temporary Electricity Connection Prior to the start of construction at the site, a temporary electrical connection from the local/state distribution utility must be taken. This is to offset the cost of electricity in case of using a diesel generator during the construction period.

An application has to be filled along with the scheduled fee.

The application form for temporary electricity connection can be taken from the nearest utility. The fee schedule varies according to capacity and LT/HT load. A detailed table for the same is given under Section 6 on page 23 of  Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission Supply Code. NA RERC RERC Supply Code.
Water Permit For water use during the construction of plant and for potable use by workers, a water permit needs to be obtained from local authorities/ State Irrigation Department. Water can be used from primarily three types of sources.

1. Ground water – clearance from local municipal body, gram panchayat, State Irrigation Department and pollution control board needs to be obtained
2. Extract Water from nearby source – water can be extracted for use from a nearby pond, lake, river, stream. Permission from relevant water source management authority / State Irrigation Department needs to be taken prior to extraction of water
3. Temporary Water Supply – Permission from Local Water Distribution Utility upon submission of application endorsed by State Nodal Agency.

This form can be filled to apply for a

private water connection.

NA local authorities/ State Irrigation Department
Labour Clearance Before labour starts work at the site a clearance from the state labour department is taken. Rajasthan provides a single window clearance mechanism for this and so there is no need to approach the labor department. The single window clearance mechanism can be accessed by registering at the following portal and following further instructions on this portal. NA State Labor Department (Labor inspector)/Single window Clearance Mechanism Single window Clearance Mechanism.
Project Completion & Commissioning Construction of Inter-Connection System This step includes :

Construction and Erection of Switch Yard at Plant Site
Erection of transmission lines to nearest RVPN substation.
Removal of earlier temporary connection if any

A letter of project completion is sent by developers to the concerned agencies RVPN/SNA/RREC/MNRE etc.

NA Electrical engineers having experience of executing grid interconnection and understanding of regulatory requirements may be required. Chief Electrical Inspectorate Subsection (1) of Section 162 of the Electricity Act, 2003
Consent To Operate Earlier, a Consent to Operate was required to be attained from state pollution control board after the Project Commissioning.

However, As per office order dated 26 May 2016, Department of Environment in Rajasthan state has exempted Solar PV power and wind Projects (that fall under the White Category) from obtaining consent to establish and consent to operate but shall have to intimate the state board prior to commissioning.

Intimate the state board (RSPCB) prior to commissioning. Look up the contacts here. NA RPCB Rules for consent to operate


A total of 3 clearances are to be taken from Chief Electrical Inspector (CEI)

1st clearance for construction of the transmission line

This clearance is taken before construction of line (after design- design is approved) and during project construction phase.

2nd Clearance for construction of the substation and linking inverter

This clearance is taken before construction of substation or switch yard (after design- design is approved)  and during project construction phase

3rd clearance is taken for connecting DC part /Solar Field with the grid through inverter. This is taken first after the design is compete and then after construction of project and before connecting it to the state grid.

NA NA CEI Indian Electricity Rules 1956  (Section 47 a)
Grid Inter-Connection & Metering The project developer needs to commission the project within 12 months of date of issuance of registration certificate.

EPC to undertake the testing of the equipment and take Utility Approval for substation connection. The Final Acceptance Test is designed to check the status of the plant and the proper functioning of the system and system components. Once it is verified that the plant complies with requirements and testing, the plant will be taken over by the owner from the EPC contractor.

All warranty relevant data or testing shall be approved or tested prior to warranty ending to raise final claims by the developer and the EPC. Further, the distribution utility shall provide the necessary approvals and infrastructure for evacuation of power generated.

At the time of commissioning, the developer is to draw up a punch list with the EPC contractor. This comprises of the scope of work that has been partially completed/not completed but does not impact performance or output of plant. The punch list needs to be completed by EPC contractor at a future date within a mutually agreed timeframe with the developer.

The process of project commissioning will follow:

Site inspections
Mechanical Completion Test
Inverter Commissioning Test
Performance Test.

The developer is to submit the:

commissioning program to the Superintending Engineer (RPPC) of the concerned local distribution utility
approval of the Electrical inspector for energizing the emanating lines from the generating station.

On receipt of this and fulfillment of requisite requirements, the local distribution utility shall convey approval and commissioning of generators within 3 days provided documents are in order.  Superintending Engineer will authorize a committee of officers for witnessing the commissioning of developer which will visit the site and prepare a joint meter reading of energy meters. It shall ensure that the main and back up meters and metering equipment are installed at pooling/receiving station as per Grid code and are properly calibrated. The meter readings are then cross checked and the cross checked report is monitored by the Superintending Engineer (RPPC).

NA RPVN/RRECL Primary Research


Support Schemes

Incentive Description Authority Reference
GOVERNMENT INCENTIVES Both central and state governments provide various incentives for development of solar projects.

Concession in Excise/Custom has to be attained through a certificate from MNRE. This has to be routed through the RREC.

Concession in Entry tax has to be availed from Rajasthan government; this also has to be routed through the RREC.
MNRE certificate for Excise/Custom duty exemption



SUPPORT SCHEMES Schemes like Generation Based Incentives (GBI), plant termination values etc. maybe introduced anytime during project operation.

There is a Payment security scheme of MNRE under JNNSM Phase 1 . The main objective of the Scheme is to facilitate creating a Solar Payment Security Account (SPSA) and other necessary mechanisms as a payment risk mitigation strategy and to ensure financial closure of projects through NVVN under Phase 1 of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) by extending Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) to MNRE in the event of default by the State Utilities /Discoms

RREC/MNRE Link to implementation of Payment Security Scheme